Jinping's visit to Riyadh will strengthen the hand of those who criticize the Look to the East policy in Iran, which considers China an absolute ally within the scope of this policy since 2018.
Due to its national interests, Türkiye remains at an equal distance from two critical states of the Middle East, Saudi Arabia and Iran.
Issues related to the Vienna talks and the desire to take advantage of the Russia crisis brought Iran and Qatar together. However, that may be a problem for Russia.
The divided Gulf region is witnessing new shifts in its approaches towards Türkiye and Iran with the emergence of post-COVID-19 economic implications and a weaker US military presence.
Despite the distance, Iraq is not far from Afghanistan’s spillover effects.
In terms of energy (both fossil-based and green), geopolitics, geoeconomics, trade, finance, health and digital security, and media and soft power, China’s influence in the region has been growing in the past two decades.
In this new era, when increasing the US troops in Iraq is being discussed, the rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia will continue on the Iraqi field.
Iran’s brand of Shiism, size, population, and conduct in the Arab states, has historically influenced UAE’s strategic thinking.
Pakistan continues to pursue India-centric foreign and security policies and observes each incremental step in GCC-India relations with serious concern.
Bin Salman’s maneuverings have created a lot of tension in Tehran between hardliners and moderates behind the scenes, over how much Iran has to spend to repeated fight so many years after the revolution.