Practically all sectors of Iranian economy have experienced serious difficulties in their financial operations, which has opened the door for a wide array of sanctions evasion schemes.
Turkey should not expect other parties to understand and support responses to its own security threats. If Turkey enters into the field in Syria by using its hard power, this may change the game in its favor.
After the US withdrawal from JCPOA, and announcements about new sanctions, German-Iran trade volume declined drastically.
Since the US withdrawal from the nuclear deal, the Trump administration has indicated that they are not seeking regime change in Iran, rather a more appropriate nuclear deal.
With U.S. President Donald Trump’s unilateral withdrawal from the nuclear deal signed between Iran and the P5+1 countries in May 2018, Iran’s nuclear activities have moved to the top of the international agenda again.