China and Russia, the influential powers in the SCO, have abandoned their reservations in their relations with Iran in recent years and established a more comprehensive relationship.
Iran’s protectionist behaviour in foreign trade to protect the domestic market created problems in the trade of many products within the scope of the PTA.
Since it is essential for France to neutralize its rival China in Iraq, limiting the China-Iran cooperation in the country and integrating Iran into the international community have been the main agenda of the meeting.
Iran’s harsh statements against Türkiye's potential operation in Syria are damaging the trust between the two countries rather than being a deterrent for Türkiye.
While NATO’s new Strategic Concept is marginalizing Russia and Iran, these two countries have participated in the Caspian Summit in order to turn their geopolitical position to an advantage against the pressure.