The Strategic Importance of Jask Port
Since the Industrial Revolution, the importance of ports has gradually increased regarding the development and economic growth of countries. Currently, with the high volume of free international trade, ports play a crucial role in the politics and economy of countries. According to recent statistics, about 80% of the world’s trade by volume and over 70% of global trade by value are carried by sea and are handled by ports all over the world (UNCTAD, 2018). From this perspective, it can be said that the ports play a vital role in the development process of different countries.
Iran, which has a total of about 2,700 kilometres of maritime borders with the Gulf and Oman Sea to the south and the Caspian Sea to the north, has always tried to diversify its trade and export routes for oil and non-oil products by developing maritime transport and commercial ports. Iran's commercial ports have a significant share in the country's foreign trade, which are known as the country's main transportation gateways. According to the Iranian PMO, more than 85% of the country's foreign trade goods are transported through ports, which play a vital and irreplaceable role in Iran's national and regional economy as well as its foreign trade.